Glassy dynamics in the asymmetrically constrained kinetic Ising chain

P Sollich*, MR Evans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the dynamics of the East model, comprising a chain of uncoupled spins in a downward-pointing field. Glassy effects arise at low temperatures T from the kinetic constraint that spins can only flip if their left neighbor is up. We give details of our previous solution of the nonequilibrium coarsening dynamics after a quench to low T [Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3238 (1999)], including the anomalous coarsening of down-spin domains with typical size (d) over bar similar tot(T ln 2), and the pronounced "fragile glass" divergence of equilibration times as t(*)=exp(1/T(2) ln 2). We also link the model to the paste-all coarsening model, defining a family of interpolating models that all have the same scaling distribution of domain sizes. We then proceed to the problem of equilibrium dynamics at low T. Based on a scaling hypothesis for the relation between time scales and length scales, we propose a model for the dynamics of "superdomains" which are bounded by up-spins that are frozen on long time scales. From this we deduce that the equilibrium spin correlation and persistence functions should exhibit identical scaling behavior for low T, decaying as g((t) over tilde). The scaling variable is (t) over tilde=(t/t(*))(T ln 2), giving strongly stretched behavior for low T. The scaling function g(.) decays faster than exponential, however, and in the limit T-->0 at fixed (t) over tilde reaches zero at a finite value of (t) over tilde.

Original languageEnglish
Article number031504
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • SPIN SYSTEMS
  • ANALYTICAL APPROXIMATIONS
  • MODEL
  • TRANSITION
  • LIQUIDS
  • TIME
  • GLASSINESS
  • RELAXATION

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