Global citizenship and the importance of education in a globally integrated world

William Smith, Pablo Fraser, Volha Chykina, Sakiko Ikoma, Joseph Levitan, Jing Liu, Julia Mahfouz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As national borders dissipate and technology allows different cultures and
nationalities to communicate on a regular basis, more individuals are self identifying as a global citizen. Using Social Network Analysis and multilevel modelling, this study explores factors associated with global citizen affinity and finds that education plays an important, perhaps the most important, role in individual’s affinity towards this self-identification. Results clearly indicate that more education, not national economic or social integration, is more closely associated with an individual’s positive identity as a global citizen. Additionally, the magnitude of the education effect is greater in more socially integrated societies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-665
Number of pages8
JournalGlobalisation, Societies and Education
Issue number5
Early online date31 Aug 2016
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2017


  • Global citizen
  • cultural other
  • social network analysis
  • globalisation
  • education

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