Glucose phosphate isomerase activity in mouse and human eggs and pre-embryos

J D West, J H Flockhart, R R Angell, S G Hillier, S S Thatcher, A F Glasier, M W Rodger, D T Baird

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have measured the activity of glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI-1) in 12 unfertilized human eggs and five human pre-embryos relative to the GPI-1 activity in C57BL/OlaWs mouse eggs. The GPI-1 activity in the human eggs was approximately 6 times that in the C57BL mouse eggs. This implies that human eggs have approximately twice the activity per unit volume of the C57BL mouse eggs but no more than certain other strains of mice. The activity in five human pre-embryos, the most advanced of which was an early blastocyst, was similar to that seen in the human eggs. No change in GPI-1 activity was seen in mouse pre-embryos up to 2 1/2 days (8- to 12-cell stage) but the activity had declined by 3 1/2 days (compacted morula and early blastocyst stages). It seems that high levels of GPI-1 activity are maintained during the early preimplantation development of both species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-5
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1989


  • Animals
  • Blastocyst
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Ovum


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