Grain size and transport characteristics of non-uniform sand in aeolian saltation

Z. S. Li, D. J. Feng, S. L. Wu, A. G. L. Borthwick, J. R. Ni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Size frequency distributions of sediment particles in a wind tunnel containing a bed of non-uniform sand are investigated by re-interpreting existing experimental data using particle-size analysis. Each particle sample is classified into one of eight groups according to its size grading. The analysis reveals that the modal shape of the particle-size frequency distributions of the saltating sand at different elevation or longitudinal distances is similar in that of the mixed sand in the bed once the boundary layer is fully developed. The standard deviation of the grain-size frequency distribution increases with increasing elevation above the bed then stays Constant. whereas its skewness decreases. The mean grain size decays exponentially with elevation. The acolian sand mass flux is determined for each size grading at different vertical and horizontal measurement locations. The vertical profile of aeolian horizontal Mass flux depends on the size grading. The distribution of the sand transport rate according to the mean grain size in each grading tits the normal distribution. A parameter w(1) is defined to reflect the likelihood of saltation for sand particles of the i-th size grading, and the mean sand size corresponding to the maximum value of w(1) is found to be 0.2 mm. In addition. wind velocity strongly influences the magnitudes of the particle-size distribution and the sand mass flux distribution in both vertical and longitudinal directions. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-493
Number of pages10
JournalGeomorphology
Volume100
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2008

Keywords

  • particle size
  • frequency distribution
  • sediment mass flux
  • aeolian transport
  • wind erosion
  • BED

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