Guilt by association: the nuclear envelope proteome and disease

Gavin S Wilkie, Eric C Schirmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The discovery that many inherited diseases are linked to interacting nuclear envelope proteins has raised the possibility that human genetic studies could be assisted by a fusion with proteomics. Two principles could be applied. In the first, the proteome of an organelle associated with a genetically variable disease is determined. The chromosomal locations of the genes encoding the organellar proteins are then determined. If a related disease is linked to a large chromosomal region that includes a gene identified in the organelle, then that gene has an increased likelihood of causing the disease. Directly sequencing this allele from patient samples might speed identification compared with further genetic linkage studies as has been demonstrated for multiple diseases associated with the nuclear envelope. The second principle is that if an organelle has been implicated in the pathology of a particular disorder, then comparison of the organelle proteome from control and patient cells might highlight differences that could indicate the causative protein. The distinct, tissue-specific pathologies associated with nuclear envelope diseases suggest that many tissues will have a set of disorders linked to this organelle, and there are numerous as yet unmapped or partially mapped syndromes that could benefit from such an approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1865-75
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Disease
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Muscular Dystrophies
  • Nuclear Envelope
  • Organ Specificity
  • Proteome

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