GWAS and co-expression network combination uncovers multigenes with close linkage effects on the oleic acid content accumulation in Brassica napus

Min Yao, Mei Guan, Zhenqian Zhang, Qiuping Zhang, Yixin Cui, Hao Chen, Wei Liu, Habib U Jan, Kai P Voss-Fels, Christian R Werner, Xin He, Zhongsong Liu, Chunyun Guan, Rod J Snowdon, Wei Hua, Lunwen Qian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Strong artificial and natural selection causes the formation of highly conserved haplotypes that harbor agronomically important genes. GWAS combination with haplotype analysis has evolved as an effective method to dissect the genetic architecture of complex traits in crop species.

RESULTS: We used the 60 K Brassica Infinium SNP array to perform a genome-wide analysis of haplotype blocks associated with oleic acid (C18:1) in rapeseed. Six haplotype regions were identified as significantly associated with oleic acid (C18:1) that mapped to chromosomes A02, A07, A08, C01, C02, and C03. Additionally, whole-genome sequencing of 50 rapeseed accessions revealed three genes (BnmtACP2-A02, BnABCI13-A02 and BnECI1-A02) in the A02 chromosome haplotype region and two genes (BnFAD8-C02 and BnSDP1-C02) in the C02 chromosome haplotype region that were closely linked to oleic acid content phenotypic variation. Moreover, the co-expression network analysis uncovered candidate genes from these two different haplotype regions with potential regulatory interrelationships with oleic acid content accumulation.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that several candidate genes are closely linked, which provides us with an opportunity to develop functional haplotype markers for the improvement of the oleic acid content in rapeseed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Oleic acid
  • GWAS
  • Haplotype
  • Co-expression network

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