Hairpin RNA induces secondary small interfering RNA synthesis and silencing in trans in fission yeast

F. Simmer, A. Buscaino, I.C. Kos-Braun, A. Kagansky, A. Boukaba, T. Urano, A.R.W. Kerr, R.C. Allshire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

RNA interference (RNAi) is widespread in eukaryotes and regulates gene expression transcriptionally or post-transcriptionally. In fission yeast, RNAi is tightly coupled to template transcription and chromatin modifications that establish heterochromatin in cis. Exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) triggers seem to induce heterochromatin formation in trans only when certain silencing proteins are overexpressed. Here, we show that green fluorescent protein (GFP) hairpin dsRNA allows production of high levels of Argonaute-associated small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which can induce heterochromatin formation at a remote locus. This silencing does not require any manipulation apart from hairpin expression. In cells expressing a ura4+–GFP fusion gene, production of GFP siRNAs causes the appearance of ura4 siRNAs from the target gene. Production of these secondary siRNAs depends on RNA-dependent RNA polymerase Rdp1 (RDRPRdp1) function and other RNAi pathway components. This demonstrates that transitivity occurs in fission yeast and implies that RDRPRdp1 can synthesize RNA from targeted RNA templates in vivo, generating siRNAs not homologous to the hairpin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalEMBO Reports
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • centromere
  • RNAi
  • heterochromatin
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe

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