Halo shapes constrained from a pure sample of central galaxies in KiDS-1000

Christos Georgiou, Henk Hoekstra, Konrad Kuijken, Maciej Bilicki, Andrej Dvornik, Thomas Erben, Benjamin Giblin, Catherine Heymans, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Jelte T. A. de Jong, Arun Kannawadi, Peter Schneider, Tim Schrabback, HuanYuan Shan, Angus H. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present measurements of fh, the ratio of the aligned components of the projected halo and galaxy ellipticities, for a sample of central galaxies using weak gravitational lensing data from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS). Using a lens galaxy shape estimation that is more sensitive to outer galaxy regions, we find fh = 0.50 ± 0.20 for our full sample and fh = 0.55 ± 0.19 for an intrinsically red
(and therefore higher stellar-mass) sub-sample, rejecting the hypothesis of round halos and/or galaxies being un-aligned with their parent halo at 2.5σ and 2.9σ, respectively. We quantify the 93.4% purity of our central galaxy sample using numerical simulations and overlapping spectroscopy from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey. This purity ensures that the interpretation of our measurements
is not complicated by the presence of a significant fraction of satellite galaxies. Restricting our central galaxy ellipticity measurement to the inner isophotes, we find fh = 0.34 ± 0.17 for our red sub-sample, suggesting that the outer galaxy regions are more aligned with their dark matter halos compared to the inner regions. Our results are in agreement with previous studies and suggest that lower
mass halos are rounder and/or less aligned with their host galaxy than samples of more massive galaxies, studied in galaxy groups and clusters.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA185
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • astro-ph.GA
  • astro-ph.CO


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