Harps-N: the new planet hunter at TNG

Rosario Cosentino, Christophe Lovis, Francesco Pepe, Andrew Collier Cameron, David W. Latham, Emilio Molinari, Stephane Udry, Naidu Bezawada, Martin Black, Andy Born, Nicolas Buchschacher, Dave Charbonneau, Pedro Figueira, Michel Fleury, Alberto Galli, Angus Gallie, Xiaofeng Gao, Adriano Ghedina, Carlos Gonzalez, Manuel GonzalezJose Guerra, David Henry, Keith Horne, Ian Hughes, Dennis Kelly, Marcello Lodi, David Lunney, Charles Maire, Michel Mayor, Giusi Micela, Mark P. Ordway, John Peacock, David Phillips, Giampaolo Piotto, Don Pollacco, Didier Queloz, Ken Rice, Carlos Riverol, Luis Riverol, Jose San Juan, Dimitar Sasselov, Damien Segransan, Alessandro Sozzetti, Danuta Sosnowska, Brian Stobie, Andrew Szentgyorgyi, Andy Vick, Luc Weber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

The Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG)[9] hosts, starting in April 2012, the visible spectrograph HARPS-N. It is based on the design of its predecessor working at ESO's 3.6m telescope, achieving unprecedented results on radial velocity measurements of extrasolar planetary systems. The spectrograph's ultra-stable environment, in a temperature-controlled vacuum chamber, will allow measurements under 1 m/s which will enable the characterization of rocky, Earth-like planets. Enhancements from the original HARPS include better scrambling using octagonal section fibers with a shorter length, as well as a native tip-tilt system to increase image sharpness, and an integrated pipeline providing a complete set of parameters. Observations in the Kepler field will be the main goal of HARPS-N, and a substantial fraction of TNG observing time will be devoted to this follow-up. The operation process of the observatory has been updated, from scheduling constraints to telescope control system. Here we describe the entire instrument, along with the results from the first technical commissioning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE Volume 8446
Subtitle of host publicationGround-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2012


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