Health benefits of different sport disciplines for adults: systematic review of observational and intervention studies with meta-analysis

Pekka Oja, Sylvia Titze, Sami Kokko, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Paul Kelly, Pasi Koski, Charlie Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The aim was to assess the quality and strength of evidence for the health benefits of specific sport disciplines. Electronic search yielded 2194 records and the selection resulted in 69 eligible studies (47 cross-sectional, 9 cohort, 13 intervention studies). 105 comparisons between participation and non-participation groups in 26 different sport disciplines were reported. Moderately strong evidence showed that both running and football improve aerobic fitness and cardiovascular function at rest, and football reduces adiposity. Conditional evidence showed that running benefits metabolic fitness, adiposity and postural balance, and football improves metabolic fitness, muscular performance, postural balance, and cardiac function. Evidence for health benefits of other sport disciplines was either inconclusive or tenuous. The evidence base for the health benefits of specific sports disciplines is generally compromised by weak study design and quality. Future research should address the health effects of different sport disciplines using rigorous research designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-440
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume49
Issue number7
Early online date7 Jan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2015

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