Health value and perceived control over health: Behavioural constructs to support Type 2 diabetes self-management in clinical practice.

LE Nugent, NN Zammitt, K Wallston, Maggie Carson, GD Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims and objectives

To explore health value and perceived control over health in relation to self-management behaviours in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Background

Helping people to modify health related behaviour in diabetes is complex due to a multitude of factors. Exploring the meaning of the constructs of Modified Social Learning Theory could be beneficial to identifying people at risk of poor diabetes self-management.
Design

An exploratory qualitative study.
Methods

Thirteen adults with insulin-treated Type 2 diabetes mellitus were purposively sampled. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. An in-depth thematic analysis was carried out.
Results

Health became a value priority on diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Participants described holding both terminal (relating to desired end states) and instrumental (a means to an end) health values pre-diagnosis but these became instrumental post-diagnosis to meet new lifestyle needs and maintain their quality of life. Descriptions of ‘conflicts’ in locus of control beliefs when managing Type 2 diabetes mellitus demonstrated influences on levels of self-efficacy and health value. Common themes that impacted on diabetes self-management included co-morbidities, medication management, blood glucose monitoring and reasoning for Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Conclusions

Locus of control beliefs, levels of self-efficacy and health value were influenced by complications associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The findings on Modified Social Learning Theory and instrumental health value as a moderator to health behaviour resulted in the development of a proposed framework with potential practical utility.
Relevance to clinical practice

This research demonstrates the relevance of exploring the constructs of Modified Social Learning Theory (MSLT) in relation to diabetes self-management behaviours in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The proposed Type 2 diabetes mellitus Self-management Behaviour Support framework incorporates Modified Social Learning Theory and instrumental health value as the theoretical basis for development and could provide clinical nurses and doctors with a tool that will allow for in-depth assessment and planning of Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients' self-management behaviours.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2201-2210
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume24
Issue number15-16
Early online date28 May 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Health value and perceived control over health: Behavioural constructs to support Type 2 diabetes self-management in clinical practice.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this