Healthcare professionals' perceptions and experiences of obesity and overweight and its management in primary care settings: A qualitative systematic review

Laura Jeffers*, Jillian Manner, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

AIM: This qualitative systematic review aimed to synthesise existing qualitative research on HCPs' perceptions and experiences of obesity and its management in primary care settings. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals (HCPs), particularly those in primary care, play a key role in policy implementation around weight management. Overweight and obese individuals are subject to weight stigma which has negative health consequences and reduces the likelihood of healthcare service usage. An understanding of HCPs' perceptions of obesity and weight management in primary care is necessary for the development and delivery of effective initiatives. METHODS: A search strategy developed using the SPIDER framework was applied to Medline and CINAHL databases. Inclusion criteria were applied, and quality assessment was undertaken using the CASP framework. Fifteen papers meeting the inclusion criteria were analysed thematically. FINDINGS: Four themes were identified: conflicting discourses surrounding obesity, medicalisation of obesity, organisational factors, and lack of patient knowledge and motivation. Conflicting discourses around obesity refers to the differing views of HCPs regarding what it means to have and treat obesity. Medicalisation of obesity considers whether obesity should be treated as a medical condition. Organisational factors were identified as knowledge, resources and time that affected HCPs' ability to provide care to overweight or obese. Finally, the review discovered that patients required their own knowledge and motivation to lose weight. This review has highlighted the need to provide safe, non-judgemental spaces for HCPs and patients to discuss weight and weight loss. This is essential to the therapeutic relationship and the provision of effective obesity management.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPrimary Health Care Research & Development
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • healthcare professionals
  • obesity
  • qualitative research
  • stigma
  • systematic review
  • therapeutic relationship

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Healthcare professionals' perceptions and experiences of obesity and overweight and its management in primary care settings: A qualitative systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this