Herniography: A prospective, randomized study between midline and left iliac fossa puncture techniques

S Nadkarni, PWG Brown*, EJR Van Beek, MC Collins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AIM: To determine whether an optimal site of injection exists for herniography.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study of 93 consecutive patients who were referred for herniography over a period of 9 months. Patients underwent either a left iliac fossa (LIF) or midline puncture. Parameters assessed included initial adequate needle placement, complications, pain scores and body mass index (BMI). The groups were compared using Chi-squared test for categorical data, Student's t-test for continuous data and the Mann-Whitney U-test for skewed data, with P <0.05 considered statistically significant

RESULTS: Four complications were encountered (4%), and these were equally distributed between the two groups. Adequate initial positioning of the needle was similar in both groups. The volume of local anaesthetic used was correlated with discomfort using a pain scale: a volume of >6 ml resulted in significantly more pain. More frequent initial adequate needle placement was observed in thin patients (BMI <45 kg/m(2)) with experienced operators. Conversely, increased body mass index resulted in more difficult needle placement.

CONCLUSION: Herniography is a safe procedure with few complications. There was no significant difference comparing the midline and LIF approaches. (C) 2001 The Royal College of Radiologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-392
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2001


  • herniography
  • technique
  • complications


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