Hiding extra-framework cations in zeolites L and y by internal ion exchange and its effect on CO2 adsorption

Magdalena M. Lozinska, David N. Miller, Stefano Brandani, Paul A. Wright*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The fully La-exchanged form of the large pore zeolite L, La3.0Al9.0Si27.0O72, has been prepared by repeated aqueous ion exchange and internal cation exchange resulting from calcination to give a low silica zeolite (Si/Al = 3) with all cations hidden from available porosity. This results from the migration of La3+ from sites in the large 12-membered ring (12R) channel (exchangeable via aqueous solution) to 'closed' sites in the structure. The mechanism for this internal cation exchange, which has been elucidated by Rietveld analysis of powder X-ray diffraction data, comprises sequential La3+ migration, first to ste cages between cancrinite (can) cages in the framework and then into the can cages. In each case K+ cations must first leave the closed cages, in the first case through 8Rs, in the second via puckered 6Rs. The first migration step is achieved by 573 K, the second by 1073 K. Decrease of the K+ occupation in accessible main channel sites of zeolites K9.0-, K5.7La1.1-, K2.7La2.1- and La3.0-L strongly changes the shape of the CO2 adsorption isotherms, as the strength of interaction decreases. The Henry law constant for K9.0-L zeolite is 36.60(2) mol (kg bar)-1, whereas for La3.0-L it is 1.80(3) mol (kg bar)-1, if an initial uptake of 0.1 mmol g-1 is neglected. The isosteric heat of adsorption is correspondingly strongly reduced. A CO2 isotherm shape similar to that observed for La-L is also shown by a fully-exchanged La-Y, La18.7Al56.0Si136.0O384, prepared from Na-Y by repeated aqueous and internal ion exchange. In this case the internal exchange requires the egress of Na+ cations from sodalite cages via planar 6R windows and so is possible at lower temperatures (<673 K). The ability to modify CO2 isotherm shape in low silica zeolites by hiding cations in inaccessible cages can be of interest to tailor pressure swing adsorbents for a range of CO2-containing gas streams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3280-3292
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A: materials for energy and sustainability
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2020

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