Hierarchical structure of the Eysenck Personality Inventory in a large population sample: Goldberg's trait-tier mapping procedure

Benjamin P. Chapman*, Alexander Weiss, Paul Barrett, Paul Duberstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The structure of the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) is poorly understood, and applications have mostly been confined to the broad Neuroticism, Extraversion and Lie scales. Using a hierarchical factoring procedure, we mapped the sequential differentiation of EPI scales from broad, molar factors to more specific, molecular factors, in a UK population sample of over 6500 persons. Replicable facets at the lowest tier of Neuroticism included oversensitivity, mood lability, nervous tension and rumination. The lowest order set of replicable Extraversion facets consisted of social dynamism, sociotropy, haste, jocularity, communalism and impulsivity. The Lie scale consisted of an interpersonal virtue and a behavioral diligence facet. Users of the EPI may be well served in some circumstances by considering its broad Neuroticism, Extraversion and Lie scales as multifactorial, a feature that was explicitly incorporated into subsequent Eysenck inventories and is consistent with other hierarchical trait structures. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-484
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • Eysenck Personality Inventory
  • Hierarchical factor structure
  • Health and Lifestyle Study

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