High-Efficiency MOSFET-based MMC Design for LVDC Distribution Systems

yanni zhong, N. Roscoe, D. Holliday, T.C. Lim, Stephen Finney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Low-voltage dc (LVdc) distribution networks have the potential to release larger capacity without having to upgrade the existing cables. One of the main challenges of LVdc networks is the extra customer-end dc-ac conversion stage. This paper proposes and evaluates a five-level Si mosfet-based modular multilevel converter (MMC) as a promising alternative to the conventional two-level insulated gate bipolar transistor-based converter. This is due to the comparatively higher efficiency, power quality and reliability, and reduced electromagnetic (EM) emissions. A comprehensive analysis of a Si mosfet five-level MMC converter design is performed to investigate the suitability of the topology for LVdc applications. Detailed theoretical analysis of the five-level MMC is presented, with simulated and experimental results to demonstrate circuit performance. To suppress the ac circulating current, especially the dominant second harmonics, this paper presents a double line-frequency proportional integral (PI) with orthogonal imaginary axis control method. Comparison of simulation and experimental results with those for double line-frequency proportional resonant control shows that the proposed PI controller has a better performance. In addition, it is simpler to implement and more immune to sampling/discretization errors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Early online date20 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


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