High-pressure hP3 yttrium allotrope with CaHg2-type structure as a prototype of the hP3 rare-earth hydride series

Alena Aslandukova*, Andrey Aslandukov, Dominique Laniel, Saiana Khandarkhaeva, Gerd Steinle-Neumann, Timofey Fedotenko, Sergey V. Ovstannikov, Yuqing Yin, Fariia Iasmin Akbar, Konstantin Glazyrin, Michael Hanfland, Leonid Dubrovinsky, Natalia Dubrovinskaia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

A high-pressure (HP) yttrium allotrope, hP3-Y (space group P6/mmm), was synthesized in a multi-anvil press at 20 GPa and 2000 K which is recoverable to ambient conditions. Its relative stability and electronic properties were investigated using density functional theory calculations. A hP3-Y derivative hydride, hP3−YHx, with a variable hydrogen content (x=2.8, 3, 2.4), was synthesized in diamond anvil cells by the direct reaction of yttrium with paraffin oil, hydrogen gas, and ammonia borane upon laser heating to ∼3000 K at 51, 45 and 38 GPa, respectively. Room-temperature decompression leads to gradual reduction and eventually the complete loss of hydrogen at ambient conditions. Isostructural hP3−NdHx and hP3−GdHx hydrides were synthesized from Nd and Gd metals and paraffin oil, suggesting that the hP3-Y structure type may be common for rare-earth elements. Our results expand the list of allotropes of trivalent lanthanides and their hydrides and suggest that they should be considered in the context of studies of HP behavior and properties of this broad class of materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number014103
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical review B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'High-pressure hP3 yttrium allotrope with CaHg2-type structure as a prototype of the hP3 rare-earth hydride series'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this