High-resolution CFD modelling of Lillgrund Wind farm

Angus Creech, Wolf-Gerrit Früh, A. Eoghan Maguire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report on a fully dynamic simulation of Vattenfall’s Lillgrund offshore Wind Farm, with a focus on the wake effects of turbines on the performance of individual turbines, and of the farm as a whole.

The model uses a dynamic representation of a wind turbine to simulate interaction between the wind and the turbine rotors, calculating the instantaneous power output and forces on the air; this was embedded in a finite element, large eddy simulation (LES) computational fluid dynamics code. This model was applied to the wind farm for a selection of key wind speeds and directions, to investigate cases where a row of turbines would be fully aligned with the wind or at specific angles to the wind. The simulation results were then compared to actual performance measurements from the wind farm spanning several years’ of operation.<br/>These results demonstrate that time-resolving LES simulations are able to reproduce realistic wake structures, including wake meandering and wake recovery, as well as the effect of wakes on turbine performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable Energy and Power Quality Journal
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • Wind energy, Wind turbines, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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