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he molecular structures of trans-1,2-dichloro-1,2-disilylethene and 1-bromo-1-silylethene have been determined by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) and ab initio molecular orbital calculations (MP2/6-311G*). Both compounds were found to have highly asymmetric coordination around the carbon atoms with [ab initio (r(e))/GED (r(a))] C=C-Cl [117.0/117.0(2)degrees] and C=C-Si [126.2/128.1(1)degrees] in the C-2h structure of trans-1,2-dichloro-1,2-disilylethene and C=C-Br [119.2/120.7(4)degrees] and C=C-Si [125.0/125.0(4)degrees] in the C-s structure of 1-bromo-1-silylethene. Other important structural parameters for trans-1,2-dichloro-1,2-disilylethene are C=C [135.2/134.5(3) pm], C-Si [189.4/187.9(2) pm], and C-Cl [175.1/174.9(1) pm], and C=C [134.2/133.4(2) pm], C-Si [187.8/187.2(3) pm], and C-Br [191.3/191.0(3) pm] for 1-bromo-1-silylethene. Further ab initio calculations were carried out on CH2CRX and trans(CRX)(2) (R = SiH3, CH3, or H; X = H, F, Cl, or Br) to gauge the effects of electron-withdrawing and electron-donating groups on the structures. They reveal some even more distorted structures. The asymmetric appearance of these molecules can largely be accounted for by valence shell electron pair repulsion theory.
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
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