Hollow fibre based reactors for an enhanced H2 production by methanol steam reforming

F.R. Garcia-Garcia, S.C. Tsang, K. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, asymmetric Al2O3 hollow fibres have been used as a support for either a Cu/Zn/GaOX based catalyst or a Pd/Ag membrane in the development of a catalytic hollow fibre micro-reactor (CHFMR) and hollow fibre membrane reactor (HFMR), respectively. The Cu/Zn/GaOX based catalyst was successfully deposited inside the finger-like region of the Al2O3 hollow fibres by the co-precipitation technique. The impregnated fibres were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-disperse X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The Pd/Ag membrane
was deposited on the outer surface of the Al2O3 hollow fibres by the electroless plating technique
and was characterized by SEM, and Ar and H2 permeability. The performance of both the CHFMR and
HFMR was compared with that of a conventional fixed-bed reactor (FBR) during the methanol steam
reforming (MSR) reaction. The CHFMR offers important advantages over conventional FBRs such as high
catalytic activity along with a maximum selectivity. It has been observed that at 300 1C the CH3OH
conversion in the CHFMR was 6 times larger and the CO produced 4 times smaller than that obtained in a
conventional FBR. Likewise, the results obtained using the HFMR during the MSR showed that at 250 1C the CH3OH conversion was 75%, which is 34% higher than that obtained in the conventional FBR.
Moreover, at 250 1C and using a sweep gas of 100 ml/min in the HFMR, the H2 recovery index of the Pd/Ag membranes was 50%, which showed the feasibility of a large production of high purity H2 (5.5 ml/mg h). The Pd/Ag membrane was stable under the reaction conditions, showing high H2 permeance
(1.2 103 mol m2 s1 Pa1/2 at 300 1C) and permeability (7.6 109 mol m1 s1 Pa1/2 at 300 1C) and infinite selectivity to H2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92–102
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume455
Early online date7 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Asymmetric Al2O3 hollow fibre
  • Methanol steam reforming
  • Micro-reactor
  • Pd/Ag membrane

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