Holocene climate change and prehistoric settlement in the lower Danube valley

Clive Bonsall, M.G. Macklin, A. Boroneant, Catriona Pickard, Laszlo Bartosiewicz, G. T. Cook, T. F. G. Higham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An analysis of the summed probability distributions of 293 radiocarbon dates from Late Glacial to mid-Holocene sites in the Danubian Iron Gates highlights the existence of well-marked 14C discontinuities at c. 9.5–9.0 ka, 8.65–8.0 ka and after 7.8 ka cal BP. These coincide with climate anomalies recorded in Greenland ice cores and palaeoclimate archives from the Danube catchment. Four possible explanations are considered: dwindling fish resources, changes in the social environment, flood-induced settlement relocations, and taphonomic effects. On present evidence, the last two factors are thought to be the most likely cause of the discontinuities observed in the Iron Gates Mesolithic–Early Neolithic radiocarbon record.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
JournalQuaternary International
Volume378
Early online date30 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Climate Change
  • Floods
  • Radiocarbon discontinuities
  • Iron Gates of Danube
  • Mesolithic
  • Neolithic

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