Household and family structure in England and Wales (1851-1911): Continuities and change

K. Schürer*, Eilidh M. Garrett, Hannaliis Jaadla, Alice Reid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This article produces the first findings on changes in household and family structure in England and Wales during 1851-1911, using the recently available Integrated Census Microdata (I-CeM) - a complete count database of individual-level data extending to some 188 million records. As such, it extends and updates the important overview article published in Continuity and Change by Michael Anderson in 1988. The I-CeM data shed new light on transitions in household structure and family life during this period, illustrating both continuities and change in a number of key areas: family composition; single parent families; living alone; extended households; childhood; leaving home and marriage patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-411
Number of pages47
JournalContinuity and Change
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


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