How does the process of group singing impact on people affected by cancer? A grounded theory study

Katey Warran, Daisy Fancourt*, Theresa Wiseman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Objective This study aimed to build an understanding of how the process of singing impacts on those who are affected by cancer, including patients, staff, carers and those who have been bereaved. 

Design A qualitative study, informed by a grounded theory approach. 

Setting and participants Patients with cancer, staff, carers and bereaved who had participated for a minimum of 6 weeks in one of two choirs for people affected by cancer. 

Methods 31 participants took part in Focus Group Interviews lasting between 45 min and an hour, and 1 participant had a face-to-face interview. 

Findings Four overarching themes emerged from the iterative analysis procedure. The overarching themes were: building resilience, social support, psychological dimensions and process issues. Following further analyses, a theoretical model was created to depict how building resilience underpins the findings. 

Conclusion Group singing may be a suitable intervention for building resilience in those affected by cancer via an interaction between the experience and impact of the choir.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere023261
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • adult oncology
  • mental health
  • oncology
  • qualitative research
  • therapeutics


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