How the ‘taming’ of private education in China is impacting AI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Following the theme of this issue of On Education, this paper suggests that one of the most significant and recent examples of ‘taming’ educational technologies occurred in China this year, involving national policy directives aimed at regulating both technology companies and the private education sector. This ‘taming’, it will be argued below, has particular and significant implications for the development of artificial intelligence (AI) for education in China, principally due to the way in which this burgeoning field has developed in relation to private educational provision. The following sections will outline key government policies, and assess the extent to which state regulation is impacting the ways such technologies are designed and deployed in the Chinese education system.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalOn Education: Journal for Research and Debate
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2021


  • artificial intelligence
  • AI
  • policy
  • China
  • private education


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