How to utilise the knowledge of causal responses?

Pertti Hari*, Mikko Havimo, Heljä Sisko Helmisaari, Liisa Kulmala, Eero Nikinmaa, Timo Vesala, Jouni Räisänen, Tuukka Petäjä, Erkki Siivola, Heikki Tuomenvirta, Jaana Bäck, John Grace, Federico Magnani, Twan Van Noije, Jukka Pumpanen, David Stevenson, Markku Kulmala, Sampo Smolander, Ilona Riipinen, Miikka Dal Maso

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

Our physical and physiological theory provides causal explanations of various phenomena in forests. This causal nature of the theory enables versatile applications in forestry and in the research of the interactions between climate change and forests. We treat the effects of thinnings and whole-tree harvesting on wood production and the responses of forest ecosystem to nitrogen deposition in more detail. The forests react to the increasing CO2concentration and also to temperature increase generating feedbacks from forests to climate change. The changes in the carbon storages in forest ecosystems and in the emission of volatile organic compounds are evidently the most important feedbacks from forest ecosystems to the climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysical and Physiological Forest Ecology
PublisherTUT Press
Number of pages73
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Climate change
  • Feedback to climate change
  • Forestry
  • Response of forest ecosystem
  • Thinning
  • Whole-tree harvesting


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