Hull geometry optimisation of wave energy converters: On the choice of the objective functions and the optimisation formulation

Anna Garcia Teruel, Bryony DuPont, David I. M. Forehand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Wave Energy Converters (WECs) with optimised geometries and control systems have been developed in recent years to advance marine energy technologies towards commercialisation. In particular, a number of WEC hull geometry optimisation studies have been performed, due to the high cost reduction potential associated with the device structure. However, no standard and consistent method has been established for this purpose. For example, different optimisation formulations (single-objective and multi-objective), have been used, applying different optimisation algorithms. Additionally, a range of objective functions have been employed, where power maximisation has been represented through a variety of metrics, and cost minimisation expressed with diverse cost proxies. The goal of this study is to address the challenge of finding a suitable optimisation problem formulation with single-objective or multi-objective implementations, and the respective objective functions, that support the exploration of shapes that reduce the levelised cost of energy. Results show that submerged surface area cost proxies are more suitable for this purpose than volume-based cost proxies. Results from a multi-objective optimisation formulation can provide a good understanding of the solution space, whereas results from single-objective studies can be used for seeding these multi-objective optimisation approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Article number117153
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Energy
Early online date16 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2021

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Wave energy converter
  • Metrics
  • Multi-objective optimisation
  • Single-objective optimisation
  • Geometry
  • Hull


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