Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

Thomas Jr Frith, Ilaria Granata, Matthew Wind, Erin Stout, Oliver Thompson, Katrin Neumann, Dylan Stavish, Paul R Heath, Daniel Ortmann, James Os Hackland, Konstantinos Anastassiadis, Mina Gouti, James Briscoe, Valerie Wilson, Stuart L Johnson, Marysia Placzek, Mario R Guarracino, Peter W Andrews, Anestis Tsakiridis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The neural crest (NC) is a multipotent embryonic cell population that generates distinct cell types in an axial position-dependent manner. The production of NC cells from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is a valuable approach to study human NC biology. However, the origin of human trunk NC remains undefined and current in vitro differentiation strategies induce only a modest yield of trunk NC cells. Here we show that hPSC-derived axial progenitors, the posteriorly-located drivers of embryonic axis elongation, give rise to trunk NC cells and their derivatives. Moreover, we define the molecular signatures associated with the emergence of human NC cells of distinct axial identities in vitro. Collectively, our findings indicate that there are two routes toward a human post-cranial NC state: the birth of cardiac and vagal NC is facilitated by retinoic acid-induced posteriorisation of an anterior precursor whereas trunk NC arises within a pool of posterior axial progenitors.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2018

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • In vitro differentiation
  • axial progenitors
  • developmental biology
  • embryonic development
  • human
  • neural crest
  • neuromesodermal progenitors
  • pluripotent stem cells
  • regenerative medicine
  • stem cells


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