Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to “big data” toward crisis management

N. Bellomo*, D. Clarke, L. Gibelli, P. Townsend, B. J. Vreugdenhil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper proposes an essay concerning the understanding of human behaviours and crisis management of crowds in extreme situations, such as evacuation through complex venues. The first part focuses on the understanding of the main features of the crowd viewed as a living, hence complex system. The main concepts are subsequently addressed, in the second part, to a critical analysis of mathematical models suitable to capture them, as far as it is possible. Then, the third part focuses on the use, toward safety problems, of a model derived by the methods of the mathematical kinetic theory and theoretical tools of evolutionary game theory. It is shown how this model can depict critical situations and how these can be managed with the aim of minimizing the risk of catastrophic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPhysics of Life Reviews
Volume18
Early online date27 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Complexity
  • Crowd dynamics
  • Decision making
  • Human behaviour
  • Kinetic theory
  • Stress propagation

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