Human resource configurations: Investigating fit with the organizational context

Soo Min Toh, Frederick P. Morgeson, Michael A. Campion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study investigated how key organizational contextual factors relate to bundles of human resource (HR) practices. In a two-phase study of a sample of 661 organizations representing a full range of industries and organizational size, the authors found that organizations use 1 of 5 HR bundles: cost minimizers, contingent motivators, competitive motivators, resource makers, and commitment maximizers. In addition, the authors showed that the organizations that use a given type of HR bundle may be distinguished by the organizational values they pursue and their organizational structure, thus suggesting that HR choices are related to the context within which organizations operate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-882
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008


  • context
  • fit
  • strategic human resource management

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