Hybrid Learning based Cell Aggregate Imaging with Miniature Electrical Impedance Tomography

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Real-time, non-destructive and label-free imaging of 3-D cell culture process using miniature Electrical Impedance Tomography (mEIT) is an emerging topic in tissue engineering. Image reconstruction of mEIT for cell culture is challenging due to weak sensing signals and increased sensitivity to sensor imperfection.
Conventional regularization based image reconstruction methods can not always achieve satisfactory performance in terms of image quality and computational efficiency for this particular setup. Recent advances of deep learning have pointed out a promising alternative. However, with a single neural network, it is still difficult to reconstruct multiple objects with varying conductivity levels, which cases are widespread in the application of cell imaging. Aiming at this challenge, in this paper we propose a deep learning and group sparsity regularization based hybrid algorithm for cell imaging with mEIT. A deep neural network is proposed to estimate the structural information in form of binary
masks given the limited amount of data sets. Then the structural information is encoded in group sparsity regularization to obtain the final estimation of conductivity. The proposed approach is validated by both simulation and experimental data on MCF-7 human breast cancer cell aggregates, which demonstrates its superior performance and generalization ability compared with
a number of existing algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4001810
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Early online date3 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Nov 2020


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