When HeLa cells are exposed to brief heat shock at 45 degrees C there is a reduction in the cellular level of Na+K+ATPase. Return of the cells to the normal growth temperature of 37 degrees C leads to a partial restoration of enzyme activity. The pattern of this recovery of activity suggests that it may be associated with the induction of heat shock proteins. Indeed other means of heat shock protein induction such as continuous heat treatment at 42 degrees C, or treatment of cells at 37 degrees C with sodium arsenite, leads to elevated levels of Na+K+ATPase activity and alterations in the kinetic properties of the enzyme. Continuous hyperthermia at 42 degrees C led to increased lactate production which could be blocked with ouabain suggesting that effects on Na+K+ATPase activity could partly influence glycolysis. A number of other human and hamster cells also showed increased lactate production at 42 degrees C and also an inhibition of lactate production by ouabain. Whilst incubation of HeLa cells with cyanide had little effect on glycolysis at 37 degrees C elevation of the temperature to 42 degrees C (or 45 degrees C), in the presence of cyanide, impaired glycolysis. The possible role in this phenomenon, of an unusual oxygen-sensitive isoenzyme of lactate dehydrogenase, expressed in human cancers, is discussed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|