Hypocalcemia in Other Species

Michael Stanford*, John Keen, Michelle L. Campbell-Ward

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

This chapter deals with hypothyroidism in horses, ferrets, rabbits, rodents, pet birds, and pet reptiles. Under category, pathogenesis, classical signs, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed. The ionized form is the biologically active form therefore it is derangements to ionized calcium levels rather than the total plasma calcium that lead to clinical signs of hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia may develop during late gestation, the periparturient period or lactation in breeding animals as a result of increased calcium demand. The measurement of serum ionized calcium, rather than serum total calcium, provides a more precise estimate of an individual's calcium status especially in the diseased avian patient. Ensure calcium intake is sufficient, especially in high risk individuals, Providing the appropriate husbandry for the species concerned is of paramount importance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClinical Endocrinology of Companion Animals
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781118997093
ISBN (Print)9780813805832
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Diagnosis
  • Ferrets
  • Horses
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Pathogenesis
  • Rabbits
  • Species


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