Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences |

Editors | Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford |

Publisher | Springer |

Number of pages | 4 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783319280998 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783319280998 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | E-pub ahead of print - 21 Feb 2017 |

## Abstract

A hypothesis test involves the specification of one, or a number of competing, mathematically precise statements (statistical hypotheses), which can be tested using measured data. Hypothesis testing is one of the core elements of statistical inference, and one of the key activities in science. The activity of hypothesis testing is not standalone. Statistical hypotheses derive from research questions. Study designs develop from these questions and provide the data by which the statistical hypotheses can be tested. Thus, hypothesis testing is one step in an integrated process of scientific investigation.

## Keywords

- null hypothesis
- hypothesis testing
- statistical hypothesis
- statistical hypothesis testing
- common statistical test