Identification and characterization of a mouse oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase cDNA

M Schwarz, E G Lund, R Lathe, I Bjorkhem, D W Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The synthesis of essential 7 alpha-hydroxylated bile acids in the liver is mediated by two pathways that involve distinct 7 alpha-hydroxylases. One pathway is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum by cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase, a well studied cytochrome P450 enzyme. A second pathway is initiated by a less well defined oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase. Here, we show that a mouse hepatic oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase is encoded by Cyp7b1, a cytochrome P450 cDNA originally isolated from the hippocampus. Expression of a Cyp7b1 cDNA in cultured cells produces an enzyme with the same biochemical and, pharmacological properties as those of the hepatic oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase. Cyp7b1 mRNA and protein are induced in the third week of life commensurate with an increase in hepatic oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity. In the adult mouse, dietary cholesterol or colestipol induce cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA levels but do not affect oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase enzyme activity, mRNA, or protein levels. Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA is reduced to undetectable levels in response to bile acids, whereas expression of oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase is modestly decreased, The liver thus maintains the capacity to synthesize 7 alpha-hydroxylated bile acids regardless of dietary composition, underscoring the central role of 7 alpha-hydroxylated bile acids in lipid metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23995-24001
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 1997

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