Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is a fatal disease of cattle and other ungulates caused by certain gamma-herpesviruses including alcelaphine herpesvirus-1 (AlHV-1) and ovine herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2). An attenuated virus vaccine based on AlHV-1 has been shown to induce virus-neutralising antibodies in plasma and nasal secretions of protected cattle but the targets of virus-specific antibodies are unknown. Proteomic analysis and western blotting of virus extracts allowed the identification of eight candidate AlHV-1 virion antigens. Recombinant expression of selected candidates and their OvHV-2 orthologues confirmed that two polypeptides, the products of the ORF17.5 and ORF65 genes, were antigens recognised by antibodies from natural MCF cases or from AlHV-1 vaccinated cattle. These proteins have potential as diagnostic and/or vaccine antigens.
|Early online date||18 Jul 2014|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Antigen identification
- Inflammatory disease
- Malignant catarrhal fever
- Recombinant expression