Identification of Pax5 target genes in early B cell differentiation.

Clare Pridans, ML Holmes, M Polli, JM Wettenhall, A Dakic, LM Corcoran, GK Smyth, SL Nutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The transcription factor Pax5 is essential for B cell commitment in the mouse, where it represses lineage-inappropriate gene expression while simultaneously activating the B cell gene expression program. In this study we have performed a global gene expression screen of wild-type and Pax5-deficient pro-B cells in an attempt to identify the crucial Pax5 targets in early B lymphopoiesis. These studies have identified 109 Pax5 targets comprising 61% activated and 39% repressed genes. Interestingly, Pax5 directly regulates the genes encoding a number of transcription factors that are required at the pre-B cell stage of differentiation, including Irf8, Spib, and Ikzf3 (Aiolos), suggesting that a key function of Pax5 is to activate secondary transcription factors that further reinforce the B cell program. Pax5 is also required for the expression of many genes known to be involved in adhesion and signaling, indicating that Pax5 modulates the homing and or migration properties of B cell progenitors. Finally, Pax5 also represses a cohort of genes that are involved in multiple biological processes, many of which are not typically associated with B cells. These include the repression of the adhesion molecule Embigin, which is expressed in bone marrow progenitors, T cells, and myeloid cells but is specifically repressed by Pax5 in B cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1719-1728
JournalThe Journal of Immunology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein/genetics
  • B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein/physiology
  • B-Lymphocytes/immunology
  • Cell Differentiation/genetics
  • Cell Lineage/genetics
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Lymphocyte Activation/genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Transcription Factors/genetics


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