Identification of strategies to prevent death after pesticide self-poisoning using a Haddon matrix

M Eddleston, N A Buckley, D Gunnell, A H Dawson, F Konradsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Despite pesticide self-poisoning causing around 300 000 deaths each year in the rural Asia Pacific region, no comprehensive public health response has yet been formulated. The authors have developed a Haddon matrix to identify factors that increase the risk of fatal rather than non-fatal pesticide self-poisoning in Sri Lanka. Many important host factors such as age, gender, and genetics are not alterable; factors that could be changed-alcohol use and mental health-have previously proved difficult to change. Interventions affecting agent or environmental factors may be easier to implement and more effective, in particular those limiting the human toxicity and accessibility of the pesticides, and the quality, affordability, and accessibility of health care in the community. Controlled studies are required to identify effective strategies for prevention and harm minimization and to garner political support for making the changes necessary to reduce this waste of life. Lessons learnt from Sri Lanka are likely to be highly relevant for much of rural Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-7
Number of pages5
JournalInjury Prevention
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Environmental Health
  • Female
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Organophosphate Poisoning
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Pesticides
  • Risk Assessment
  • Self-Injurious Behavior
  • Sri Lanka


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