Identification of the Core Promoter and Variants Regulating Chicken CCKAR Expression

Zhepeng Wang, Angus Reid, Pete Wilson, Ian Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Decreased expression of chicken cholecystokinin A receptor (CCKAR) attenuates satiety, which contributes to increased food intake and growth for modern broilers. The study aims to define the core promoter of CCKAR, and to identify variants associated with expression activity. A 21 kb region around the CCKAR was re-sequenced to detect sequence variants. A series of 50-deleted promoter plasmids were constructed to define the core promoter of CCKAR. The effects of sequence variants located in promoter (PSNP) and conserved (CSNP) regions on promoter activity were analyzed by comparing luciferase activity between haplotypes. A total of 182 variants were found in the 21 kb region. There were no large structural variants around CCKAR. pNL−328/+183, the one with the shortest insertion, showed the highest activity among the six promoter constructs, implying that the key cis elements regulating CCKAR expression are mainly distributed 328 bp upstream.
We detected significant activity differences between high- and low-growth associated haplotypes in four of the six promoter constructs. The high-growth haplotypes of constructs pNL−1646/+183, pNL−799/+183 and pNL−528/+183 showed lower activities than the low-growth haplotypes, which is consistent with decreased expression of CCKAR in high-growth chickens. Lower expression of
the high-growth allele was also detected for the CSNP5-containing construct. The data suggest that the core promoter of CCKAR is located the 328 bp region upstream from the transcription start site.
Lower expression activities shown by the high-growth haplotypes in the reporter assay suggest that CSNP5 and variants located between 328 bp and 1646 bp upstream form a promising molecular basis for decreased expression of CCKAR and increased growth in chickens.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13061083
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalGenes
Volume13
Issue number6
Early online date18 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • chicken
  • CCKAR
  • satiety
  • growth
  • core promoter
  • expression activity

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