Identification of two molecular subtypes in canine mast cell tumours through gene expression profiling

Lidia H Pulz, Camila N Barra, Pamela A Alexandre, Greice C Huete, Karine G Cadrobbi, Adriana T Nishiya, Silvio Henrique de Freitas, Heidge Fukumasu, Ricardo F Strefezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Mast cell tumours (MCTs) are common neoplasms in dogs and are usually regarded as potentially malignant. Several studies have attempted to identify biomarkers to better predict biological behaviours for this tumour. The aim of this study was to identify pathways connected to clinical and histopathological malignancies, shorter survival times, and poor prognoses associated with MCTs. We performed genome-wide gene expression analyses on tissues obtained from 15 dogs with single MCTs, and identified two distinct tumour subtypes-high-risk and low-risk-associated with differences in histological grades, survival times, Ki67 indices, and occurrence of death due the disease. Comparative analyses of RNA sequence profiles revealed 71 genes that were differentially expressed between high- and low-risk MCTs. In addition to these analyses, we also examined gene co-expression networks to explore the biological functions of the identified genes. The network construction revealed 63 gene modules, of which 4 were significantly associated with the more aggressive tumour group. Two of the gene modules positively correlated with high-risk MCTs were also associated with cell proliferation and extracellular matrix-related terms. At the top of the extracellular matrix module category, genes with functions directly related to those of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) were identified. Immunohistochemical analyses also revealed a greater number of CAFs in high-risk MCTs. This study provides a method for the molecular characterisation of canine MCTs into two distinct subtypes. Our data indicate that proliferation pathways are significantly involved in malignant tumour behaviours, which are known to be relevant for the induction and maintenance of MCTs. Finally, animals presenting high-risk MCTs overexpress genes associated with the extracellular matrix that can be robustly linked to CAF functions. We suggest that CAFs in the MCT stroma contribute to cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0217343
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases/metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Male
  • Mastocytoma/metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Skin Neoplasms/metabolism

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