Identification of up-regulated genes by array analysis in scrapie-infected mouse brains

A R Brown, J Webb, S Rebus, A Williams, J K Fazakerley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The major neuropathological features of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are well documented, however, the underlying molecular events are poorly defined. We have applied cDNA expression arrays and quantitative RT-PCR to the study of gene expression in the brain, and more specifically in the hippocampus, of the well-characterized ME7/CV mouse model of scrapie. The number of genes showing consistent, scrapie-associated changes in expression was limited, and was primarily restricted to glial-associated genes. Increased expression of genes encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein, vimentin, complement component 1q (alpha and beta polypeptides), cathepsin D, clusterin and cystatin C was evident in the hippocampus from 170 days after inoculation (dpi), with expression increasing thereafter to terminal disease (225-235 dpi). Elevation of gene expression preceded clinical disease by approximately 30 days, and coincided with a 20-day period in the ME7/CV model during which 50% of the CA1 hippocampal neurones are lost. Increased expression of cystatin C, an inhibitor of lysosomal cysteine proteases, is a novel finding in the context of TSE neuropathology and was confirmed by Western analysis and immunocytochemistry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-67
Number of pages13
JournalNeuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hippocampus
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Scrapie
  • Up-Regulation


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