Identifying socio-economic classes in two villages of Bihar

Niladri Sekhar Dhar, Mrityunjay Pandey, Awanish Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This article is an exercise in identifying socio-economic classes in two villages of Bihar: Katkuian in West Champaran district and Nayanagar in Samastipur district. These villages were surveyed by the Foundation for Agrarian Studies (FAS) under its Project on Agrarian Relations in India (PARI) in 2012. The article briefly reviews the conclusions drawn from other studies of classes in rural Bihar. It finds changes in the means of surplus appropriation and exploitation associated with changes in the nature of the productive forces and production conditions in the villages, along with continuities in old “feudal” hierarchies. Further, it describes the high correlation between land ownership and caste and class status in the study villages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReview of Agrarian Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • agrarian relations
  • socio-economic class
  • caste
  • land
  • exploitation
  • village study
  • Bihar
  • India


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