Impact of availability and use of coronary interventions on the prescription of aspirin and lipid lowering treatment after acute coronary syndromes

P G Steg, B Iung, L J Feldman, D Cokkinos, J Deckers, K A A Fox, U Keil, A P Maggioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that patients undergoing acute intervention for coronary syndromes may not receive adequate secondary prevention.

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of availability and use of coronary interventions on the prescription of secondary prevention after acute coronary syndromes.

DESIGN: Analysis of a prospective multicentre register of patients admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndromes.

SETTING: A 1999 pan-European survey in 390 hospitals. PATIENTS: 3092 patients admitted to hospital with acute coronary syndromes (including 777 for ST elevation myocardial infarction within 12 hours of onset).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of prescription of aspirin and lipid lowering agents.

RESULTS: Performance of coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) during the hospital stay were independent predictors of prescription of aspirin at discharge (odds ratio (OR) 1.29 and 1.89, p = 0.053 and p < 0.0001, respectively). Lipid lowering agents were prescribed more often on discharge in patients admitted to hospitals with catheterisation laboratories than without (for infarction with ST elevation, 45% v 40% (NS); for other acute coronary syndromes, 46% v 36%; p < 0.05). Prescription rates were higher among patients undergoing coronary angiography or PCI than in those treated conservatively (for infarction with ST elevation, 49%, 53%, and 39%, p < 0.05; for other acute coronary syndromes, 50%, 54%, and 34%, p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that PCI was an independent predictor of prescription of lipid lowering agents at discharge (OR 1.48, p < 0.0002).

CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to expectations, invasive procedures for acute coronary syndromes are associated with higher rates of prescription of pharmacological secondary prevention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-4
Number of pages5
JournalHeart
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2002

Keywords

  • Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Aspirin
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease
  • Female
  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Discharge
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries
  • Regression Analysis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of availability and use of coronary interventions on the prescription of aspirin and lipid lowering treatment after acute coronary syndromes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this