Impact of Device Orientation on Error Performance of LiFi Systems

Mohammad Dehghani soltani, Ardimas Purwita, Iman Tavakkolnia, Harald Haas, Majid Safari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Most studies on optical wireless communications (OWC) have neglected the effect of random orientation in their performance analysis due to the lack of a proper model for the random orientation. Our recent empirical-based research illustrates that the random orientation follows a Laplace distribution for a static user equipment (UE). In this paper, we analyze the device orientation and assess its importance on system performance. The reliability of an OWC channel highly depends on the availability and alignment of line-of-sight (LOS) links. In this study, the effect of receiver orientation including both polar and azimuth angles on the LOS channel gain are analyzed. The probability of establishing a LOS link is investigated and the probability density function (PDF) of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for a randomly-oriented device is derived. By means of the PDF of SNR, the bit-error ratio (BER) of DC-biased optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DCO-OFDM) in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels is evaluated. A closed-form approximation for the BER of UE with random orientation is presented which shows a good match with Monte-Carlo simulation results. Furthermore, the impact of the UE’s random motion on the BER performance has been assessed. Finally, the effect of random orientation on the average signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) in a multiple access points (AP) scenario is investigated.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date25 Mar 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Mar 2019


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