Impact of elevated CO2 concentration on dynamics of leaf photosynthesis in Fagus sylvatica is modulated by sky conditions

Otmar Urban, Karel Klem, Petra Holišová, Ladislav Šigut, Mirka Šprtová, Petra Teslová-Navrátilová, Martina Zitová, Vladimír Špunda, Michal V Marek, John Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It has been suggested that atmospheric CO2 concentration and frequency of cloud cover will increase in future. It remains unclear, however, how elevated CO2 influences photosynthesis under complex clear versus cloudy sky conditions. Accordingly, diurnal changes in photosynthetic responses among beech trees grown at ambient (AC) and doubled (EC) CO2 concentrations were studied under contrasting sky conditions. EC stimulated the daily sum of fixed CO2 and light use efficiency under clear sky. Meanwhile, both these parameters were reduced under cloudy sky as compared with AC treatment. Reduction in photosynthesis rate under cloudy sky was particularly associated with EC-stimulated, xanthophyll-dependent thermal dissipation of absorbed light energy. Under clear sky, a pronounced afternoon depression of CO2 assimilation rate was found in sun-adapted leaves under EC compared with AC conditions. This was caused in particular by stomata closure mediated by vapour pressure deficit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-80
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Air Pollutants
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Fagus
  • Light
  • Models, Biological
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant Leaves
  • Weather
  • Xanthophylls

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