This paper presents an optimal solution, based on Markov decision theory, for the problem of optimal capacity-related reconfiguration of manufacturing systems, under stochastic market demand. Both capacity expansion and reduction are considered. The solution quantitatively takes into account the effect of the ramp-up phenomenon, following each reconfiguration, on the optimal policy. A closed-form solution is presented for when product demand is independently and generally distributed over time. A real case concerning a flexible manufacturing line in the automotive sector is shown, to prove that ignoring the ramp-up effect in the decision process can lead to significant increases in overall costs.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2008|