Implementation of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin i assay and risk of myocardial infarction or death at five years: Observational analysis of a stepped wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial

Kuan Ken Lee, Dimitrios Doudesis, Amy V. Ferry, Andrew R. Chapman, Dorien M. Kimenai, Takeshi Fujisawa, Anda Bularga, Matthew T.H. Lowry, Caelan Taggart, Stacey Schulberg, Ryan Wereski, Chris Tuck, Fiona E. Strachan, David E. Newby, Atul Anand, Anoop S.V. Shah, Nicholas L. Mills*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the impact of implementing a high sensitivity assay for cardiac troponin I on long term outcomes in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome. Design: Secondary observational analysis of a stepped wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 10 secondary and tertiary care centres in Scotland, UK. Participants: 48 282 consecutive patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome. Myocardial injury was defined as any high sensitivity assay result for cardiac troponin I >99th centile of 16 ng/L in women and 34 ng/L in men. Intervention: Hospital sites were randomly allocated to either early (n=5 hospitals) or late (n=5 hospitals) implementation of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay with sex specific diagnostic thresholds. Main outcome measure: The main outcome was myocardial infarction or death at five years. Results: 10 360 patients had cardiac troponin concentrations greater than the 99th centile, of whom 1771 (17.1%) were reclassified by the high sensitivity assay. The five year incidence of subsequent myocardial infarction or death before and after implementation of the high sensitivity assay was 29.4% (5588/18 978) v 25.9% (7591/29 304), respectively, in all patients (adjusted hazard ratio 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.93 to 1.01), and 63.0% (456/720) v 53.9% (567/1051), respectively, in those reclassified by the high sensitivity assay (0.82, 0.72 to 0.94). After implementation of the high sensitivity assay, a reduction in subsequent myocardial infarction or death was observed in patients with non-ischaemic myocardial injury (0.83, 0.75 to 0.91) but not in those with type 1 or type 2 myocardial infarction (0.92, 0.83 to 1.01 and 0.98, 0.84 to 1.14). Conclusions: Implementation of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay in the assessment of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome was associated with a reduced risk of subsequent myocardial infarction or death at five years in those reclassified by the high sensitivity assay. Improvements in outcome were greatest in patients with non-ischaemic myocardial injury, suggesting a broader benefit beyond the identification of myocardial infarction. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01852123.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberbmj-2023-075009
JournalBMJ
Volume383
Issue number8409
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Implementation of a high sensitivity cardiac troponin i assay and risk of myocardial infarction or death at five years: Observational analysis of a stepped wedge, cluster randomised controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this