Objectives: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programme following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).
Methods: Patients undergoing PD were managed according to an ERAS protocol. Outcome measures included postoperative mortality, morbidity, hospitalization and 30-day readmission rate. Key protocol targets were: nasogastric tube (NGT) removal [postoperative day (PoD) 1]; resumption of oral fluids (PoD 1); urinary catheter removal (PoD 3); high-dependency unit (HDU) discharge (PoD 3); tolerating diet (PoD 4); drain removal (PoD 5), and hospital discharge (PoD 6).
Results: Data were collected for 50 patients (24 male; median age 67 years). Rates of mortality, morbidity and readmission were 4%, 46% and 4%, respectively. The median length of postoperative hospitalization was 10 days. The proportions of patients achieving key targets were: 78% for NGT removal; 82% for resumption of oral fluids; 48% for urinary catheter removal; 82% for HDU discharge; 86% for tolerating diet; 84% for meeting mobility targets, and 72% for drain removal. One patient was discharged by PoD 6, eight patients by PoD 7, 15 patients by PoD 8 and 26 patients (52%) by PoD 10. Discharge was delayed in 16 patients for social or transport-related reasons.
Conclusions: The ERAS protocol was implemented safely. Achieving certain targets was challenging. Non-medical causes remain a significant factor in delayed discharge following PD.
- CONSECUTIVE PANCREATICODUODENECTOMIES
- PANCREATIC SURGERY ISGPS
- HOSPITAL VOLUME
- COLORECTAL SURGERY
- FAST-TRACK PROGRAM
- EPIDURAL ANALGESIA
- INTERNATIONAL STUDY-GROUP
- HEALTH OUTCOMES
- RANDOMIZED MULTICENTER TRIAL