Implementing the five-a model of technical refinement: Key roles of the sport psychologist

Howie J. Carson*, Dave Collins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

There is increasing evidence for the significant contribution provided by sport psychologists within applied coaching environments. However, this rarely considers their skills/knowledge being applied when refining athletes’ already learned and well-established motor skills. Therefore, this article focuses on how a sport psychologist might assist a coach and athlete to implement long-term permanent and pressure proof refinements. It highlights key contributions at each stage of the Five-A model—designed to deliver these important outcomes—providing both psychomotor and psychosocial input to the support delivery. By employing these recommendations, sport psychologists can make multiple positive contributions to completion of this challenging task.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-409
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date6 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


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