The timing of pronuclear formation and the initiation and duration of the DNA synthetic period (S-phase) were determined during the first cell cycle of electrically activated ovine oocytes matured in vivo. Reconstructed embryos were produced by electro-fusion-mediated nuclear transfer of unsynchronized single blastomeres. These were derived from embryos produced in vivo at the 16-cell stage (Day 4) and transferred to enucleated metaphase II oocytes at the time of activation or to enucleated activated oocytes during early, mid, and late stages of the presumptive S-phase. The frequency of development to blastocyst was greatest in embryos reconstructed during the presumptive S-phase of enucleated activated oocytes than in embryos reconstructed at the time of activation (mean 55.4% vs. 21.3%). No significant differences were observed when embryos were reconstructed during early, mid, or late stages of the presumptive S-phase (61.3%, 45.7%, and 57.7%, respectively). The results indicate that the use of enucleated activated oocytes as cytoplasts for embryo reconstruction can increase the frequency of development to blastocyst of embryos reconstructed from unsynchronized donor blastomeres.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biology of Reproduction|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1994|
- TRANSPLANT RABBIT EMBRYOS
- BOVINE EMBRYOS
- RECIPIENT OOCYTE
- SHEEP EMBRYOS