Improvising musicians' looking behaviours: Duration constants in the attention patterns of duo performers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The study focuses on the communication processes in improvised music performance by duos, exploring the relationship of musical communication to movement in spontaneous, everyday human social interaction. The study presented here examined improvising instrumentalist musicians’ looking behaviours (their ostensive direction of attention as presented by the face). Original video recordings of North Indian classical instrumental duo performances, and video material of oral music traditions harvested from a video
streaming website were analysed. The material included traditional, jazz, and folk music duos. Excerpts were analysed to identify the onset and duration of the looking behaviours, which were identified by the way in which the musicians’ faces were presented (towards the audience; towards their duo partner; or towards their own hands/lap). The results show that these looking behaviours occur with fairly consistent durations in the region of one to four seconds. The duration of these behaviours does not appear to co-vary with aspects of musical structure including tempo, or with the social context of performance (such as the familiarity of the musicians, or whether the context of the musical interaction is a rehearsal or public performance). The results suggest evidence of underlying
timing mechanisms that may support social interaction processes, facilitating interpersonal communication.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition (ICMPC11)
EditorsSteven Demorest, Steven Morrison, Patricia Sheehan Campbell
Place of PublicationSeattle
PublisherICMPC
ISBN (Electronic)1876346620
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event11th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition - Seattle, Washington, United States
Duration: 23 Aug 201027 Aug 2010

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySeattle, Washington
Period23/08/1027/08/10

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